Home HEALTH AND FITNESS Who are the immunocompromised?

Who are the immunocompromised?


Human bodies are equipped with an immune system that fights infection. “It produces chemicals and releases cells called macrophages that swallow these foreign organisms, thereby protecting us,” says Dr Rajeeva Moger, Senior Consultant Physician, Apollo Hospitals, Bengaluru. But not everyone has a strong immune system and such people are the immunocompromised. “Their body may not produce enough chemicals and macrophages to fight the infection and so they are more likely to get an infection,” he explains.

Many factors can make one immunocompromised. It can be diseases, treatments or age. “People having diabetes, kidney failure, HIV and cancer are immunocompromised. So are those undergoing treatment after organ transplant or cancer and those who take steroid medication. Babies and the elderly also have a weak immune system. But immunity can bounce back for a person who has HIV under control or if he is cured of cancer and no longer under treatment,” explains Dr Moger.




Now, in the time of the COVID-19 pandemic, the immunocompromised are at a higher risk. He warns that people with lung issues like asthma or bronchitis have a higher chance of complication if they contract the disease. “COVID-19 affects the lungs and theirs are hypersensitive with a low oxygen diffusion capacity. Therefore, they should be extra careful. They should maintain distancing norms and wash their hands with soap and water regularly.”

Though there is nothing much that can be done to drastically improve the immunity within a short time, there are lifestyle changes that we can make. “Have a balanced diet rich in micronutrients (fruits and veggies). Sleep for six to seven hours a day, do regular exercise. Also, drink at least two litres of water every day. It is also important to maintain personal hygiene and to keep one’s surroundings clean,” he says.




In this column, we demystify the buzzwords in wellness

You have reached your limit for free articles this month.

Register to The Hindu for free and get unlimited access for 30 days.

Subscription Benefits Include

Today’s Paper

Find mobile-friendly version of articles from the day’s newspaper in one easy-to-read list.

Unlimited Access

Enjoy reading as many articles as you wish without any limitations.

Personalised recommendations

A select list of articles that match your interests and tastes.

Faster pages

Move smoothly between articles as our pages load instantly.

Dashboard

A one-stop-shop for seeing the latest updates, and managing your preferences.

Briefing

We brief you on the latest and most important developments, three times a day.

Not convinced? Know why you should pay for news.

*Our Digital Subscription plans do not currently include the e-paper ,crossword, iPhone, iPad mobile applications and print. Our plans enhance your reading experience.



Source link

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Most Popular

how to earn money online without investment?

In today's era, most people want to know how to earn money online without investment at home. For this, he does many...

PM CARES to Fund 500-bed Covid Care Hospitals in Patna, Muzaffarpur; One Facility Opens Today

The 500 bed hospital at Bihta, Patna will be inaugurated on Monday and the 500 bed hospital at Muzaffarpur will be inaugurated very...

‘Laughable Fiction, Contrary to Facts’: Islamabad Reacts as India Objects to Kashmir in China-Pak Joint Statement

Countering India's objection to Jammu and Kashmir's reference during second round of China-Pakistan foreign ministers’ strategic dialogue, Islamabad on Sunday said that New...